Thursday, December 12, 2019
Birth Control Options Essay, Research Paper Hannah Lager P.E. Adolescent Health Issues BIRTH CONTROL OPTIONS Over the old ages, birth control has evolved into an built-in portion of our society. Millions of adult females all over the universe usage some signifier of birth control, and it is turning more popular. There are many different sorts of birth control and it is of import to be informed of your picks. In the past 20 old ages the figure of unplanned gestations and sexually transmitted diseases has grown dramatically. Alaska has one of the highest adolescent gestation rates in the United States, and the figure continues to turn. Sexually familial diseases are running rampant throughout our society, and it is critical to maintain abreast of the latest intelligence. Condoms are the lone guaranteed manner, short of abstention, to forestall both gestation and infection. They are one of the most common and accessible preventives on the market today, and are safe and effectual when used decently. There are two chief sorts of rubbers. Male rubbers, the most popular of the two, and female rubbers. Male rubbers are made of latex, plastic, or natural membranes. They look like long, thin, chapfallen balloons. Male condoms halt organic structure fluids from blending during intercourse, and when used right are about 97 % effectual. Condoms are by and large safe, though some people may hold allergic reactions to latex. Spermicides, such as Nonoxynol-9, can besides do allergic reactions in some persons. Female rubbers are made of polyurethane, a thin plastic, and are safe for people who are allergic to latex. The rubber is used inside the adult female # 8217 ; s vagina and is 95 % effectual when used right. Many users of the female rubber have lauded it # 8217 ; s benefits, such as an added feeling of control, the easiness in buying the rubber ( female rubbers are available over the counter ) , and the low failure rate. Other consumers, nevertheless, have complained that the rubber is hard to infix, harder to happen because non as many shops carry female rubbers, and is more expensive than its male opposite number. Although both types of rubbers have many advantages, such as halting the spread of diseases and forestalling gestation, there are disadvantages. Condoms break easy and holes can organize about immediately when oil-based lubricators, such as Vaseline, suntan oil or whipped pick, are used. Some work forces find it hard to keep an hard-on with a rubber on or complain of a loss of esthesis while utilizing a rubber. Skin rubbers are an alternate to latex for forestalling gestation, but do non halt diseases from distributing. Polyurethane rubbers are a better pick than tegument rubbers, since they prevent infection every bit good as gestation. Both male and female rubbers come in colored, flavored and textured assortments. Oral preventives are besides widely used. Over seven adult females take them daily, and they are safe to utilize with other signifiers of birth control ( i.e. rubbers ) . There are two types of unwritten preventives: combined ( # 8221 ; the Pill # 8221 ; ) , and progestin-only ( # 8221 ; the Mini-Pill # 8221 ; ) . Pills are the most requested signifier of birth control, partially because of their deficiency of major side affects. Combined pills contain two endocrines, estrogen and progestogen, and prevent gestation by halting the organic structure from ovulating ( let go ofing an egg ) . The # 8220 ; Mini-Pill # 8221 ; contains merely progestogen. It works by inspissating the cervical mucous secretion so that the sperm can non make the egg. Combined pills are 99.9 % effectual, and the # 8220 ; Mini-Pills # 8221 ; are 99.5 % . Neither pill protects the user from sexually transmitted diseases or infections. Although pills are popular, there is some guess as to their long-run effects on the organic structure. Doctors who prescribe pills are required to inform the possible users of the hazards. 1 in 14,000 users between the ages of 30 and 39 will see bosom onslaughts, and stokes occur five times more often among pill users ( 1 in 2,700 ) . The hazards for tobacco users are higher. Blood coagulums and high blood force per unit area are besides possibilites. There are presently surveies underway that are researching the long-run effects of unwritten preventives. The CDC and the NICHD are co-sponsoring a long-run undertaking to analyse the pill # 8217 ; s relationship to malignant neoplastic disease of the generative piece of land and chest malignant neoplastic disease. Many people are besides concerned about cervical malignant neoplastic disease. Annually Pap vilifications and chest tests are strongly recommended to look into for the visual aspect of these diseases. Oral preventives can both assist and ache some adult females with depression. Pills with more estrogen are normally linked to pill-related depression, but the more popular pills that have lower doses of estrogen have non been proven to either alleviate or worsen depression. Depo-Provera injections are another normally used type of female birth control. Depo-Provera is a shooting incorporating a endocrine similar to progesterone. It stops the adult female from ovulating, and can supply other prophylactic and physical benefits. The shooting must be administered every three months or 13 hebdomads. The shooting may extinguish menses, and can better both PMS and depression. The Depo-Provera shooting is 99.7 % effectual in forestalling gestation. The stop and the cervical cap are somewhat less popular than the above stated methods of birth control, but they are both effectual. The stop is a gum elastic disc that is inserted into the vagina and covers the neck. It blocks the seeds from come ining the neck, and has a higher success rate when used in combination with spermatocide. When used right, it is 94 % effectual. Diaphragms are merely available by prescription. There are serious disadvantages and medical hazards associated with the stop. Use increases the hazard of urinary piece of land infections, and if the stop is inserted falsely it can steal out of topographic point during sex. If the stop is left in for more than 48 hours the hazard of developing Toxic Shock Syndrome is increased. The cervical cap is made of soft gum elastic. The user fills the cap with spermatocide, so places the cap on her neck. Suction keeps the cap in topographic point. The caps come in four sizes, and, like stop, are merely available by prescription. The cap can be put in an hr before sex, and will work for 48 hours. The cervical cap can assist forestall mussy sex during menses, and is approximately 91 % effectual. The cervical cap has disadvantages every bit good. The cap can increase the hazard of redness of the surface of the neck and can besides increase the hazard of developing Toxic Shock Syndrome. If the cap is improperly inserted, it can steal out of place during sex. The latex can do annoyance or an allergic reaction, and a new adjustment is necessary after holding a babe, a abortion, an abortion, or deriving 15 lbs. Doctors recommend replacing the cap every twelvemonth. Many spiritual groups promote abstention as a signifier of birth control. Abstinence is defined as avoiding sex. It is 100 % effectual in halting the spread of disease, and 100 % effectual in forestalling gestation. Abstinence can be a good option for some, but fortunes can alter all of a sudden, and being prepared is of import. When abstention is combined with another signifier of contraceptive method, such as rubbers or spermatocide, it is a realistically feasible program for birth control. Birth control is an of import personal determination. The type of birth control you choose and its effectivity can play a major portion in the remainder of your life. It is critical to do the proper determination, and educating oneself about the sorts of birth control available is indispensable to doing that pick. Bibliography Abstinence. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.emory.edu/whsc/med/famplan/abstinence.html. May 11, 2001. Cervical Cap. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.emory.edu/whsc/med/famplan/cervicalcap.html. May 11, 2001. Combined Oral Contraceptives. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.emory.edu/whsc/med/famplan/pills.html. May 11, 2001. Condoms. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.emory.edu/whsc/med/famplan/condom.html. May 11, 2001. Depo-Provera Injections. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.emory.edu/whsc/med/famplan/depo.html. May 11, 2001. Diaphragm. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.emory.edu/whsc/med/famplan/diaphragm.html. May 11, 2001. Medroxyprogesterone. hypertext transfer protocol: //health.yahoo.com/health/drugs_tree/medication_or_drug /0840/index2.html. May 11, 2001. Progestin-Only Pills. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.emory.edu/whsc/med/famplan/minipills.html. May 11, 2001. Reality Female Condom. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.emory.edu/whsc/med/famplan/reality.html. May 11, 2001.
Thursday, December 5, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Process of Sales of Manufacturing Goods. Answer: Description of the Issue The process of sales of manufacturing goods to the staffs is processes outside theaccounting system of the company. In addition, proceed from the sales are used for the social and recreational activities of the staffs. Involvement of Fundamental Ethical Principles According to the conceptual framework of ethical accounting, in case anaccounting identifies organizationalaccounting operations not complying with the ethical principles, he/she needs to evaluate the level of threat so that they can be bring down to an acceptable level with the help of proper safeguards (ifac.org 2017). The provided case study states that the production manager allows the sales processes that are not processes with the help fair and true accounting policies. Thus, in this case, the self-interest threat of the accountants is involved. It can be seen that the accountants of Osmo has not been honest and straightforward. Thus, it can be seen that there is a violation of the principle of integrity. After that, it can be seen that the proceeds from the sales are use for social and recreational activities of the staffs instead of using it for the expansion and growth of the company. This process can be considered as unauthorized practice (ifac.org 2017). From this incident , it is clear that there is biasness in the decision-making process of the company. On the other hand, the objectivity of the total accounting process has not been maintained. A major fact is that the accountant of Osmo has not been professional to their works. Thus, it is clear that there is a violation of the accounting principles of objectivity and professional competence. It can also be seen that the accountants of Osmo has not included the necessary financial information in the financial statements of the company. As a result of this, the financial statements of Osmo fails to reflect the true and fair financial position of the company. Hence, on the overall basis, it can be seen that the accountant of the company has not behaved as a true accounting professional as the accountant has not complied with the rules and regulations of accounting principles. For this reason, it can be seen that there has been the breach of the accounting principle of professional behavior. Considerations The first consideration is process of sales value outside the accounting system of the company. As per the conceptual framework of accounting, it is required for every business organization to correctly record all accounting and financial information so that the financial statements of the companies show the actual financial position (Zadek, Evans Pruzan, 2013). This is a major material fact for Osmo. The next consideration is the use of the proceeds of sale for social and recreational activities of the staffs. It needs to be mentioned that the sales proceeds need to be used for the growth and expansion of the company instead of entertainment activities. These are the major considerations from the material facts of Osmo. It needs to be mentioned that the company is evading tax by not showing the actual amount of sales in the financial statements. Possible Courses of Action It can be seen that the annual revenue, asset value and employee base of Osmo has crossed the threshold limit of a small company. Thus, there is a requirement of conducting statutory audit of the accounts of Osmo. This can be considered as a major course of action for the issues (Thomas, 2012). It is clear that the sales accounts of Osmo have not been maintained as per the principle of accounting framework. Thus, it is required to establish effective and correct accounting system for various accounting processes of Osmo. This is another major course of action (Bebbington, Unerman O'Dwyer, 2014). It is required for the accountants of Osmo to consider all financial and accounting information that can have material impact on the financial position of the company. It will help in bringing integrity in the accounting works of the company. The implementation of key fundamental principles of accounting is required in the company. This implementation will make the accountants work with integrity and in an honest way. References (2017).Ifac.org. Retrieved 13 November 2017, from https://www.ifac.org/system/files/publications/files/ifac-code-of-ethics-for.pdf Bebbington, J., Unerman, J., O'Dwyer, B. (Eds.). (2014).Sustainability accounting and accountability. Routledge. DRURY, C. M. (2013).Management and cost accounting. Springer. Thomas, S. (2012). Ethics and accounting education.Issues in Accounting Education,27(2), 399-418. Zadek, S., Evans, R., Pruzan, P. (2013).Building corporate accountability: Emerging practice in social and ethical accounting and auditing. Routledge.
Thursday, November 28, 2019
Samuel Clemens As Mark Twain Samuel Langhorne Clemens (1835-1910), American writer and humorist, whose best work is characterized by broad, often irreverent humor or biting social satire. Twain's writing is also known for realism of place and language, memorable characters, and hatred of hypocrisy and oppression. Born in Florida, Missouri, Clemens moved with his family to Hannibal, Missouri, a port on the Mississippi River, when he was four years old. There he received a public school education. After the death of his father in 1847, Clemens was apprenticed to two Hannibal printers, and in 1851 he began setting type for and contributing sketches to his brother Orion's Hannibal Journal. Subsequently he worked as a printer in Keokuk, Iowa; New York City; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and other cities. Later Clemens was a steamboat pilot on the Mississippi River until the American Civil War (1861-1865) brought an end to travel on the river. In 1861 Clemens served briefly as a volunteer soldier in the Confederate cavalry. Later that year he accompanied his brother to the newly created Nevada Territory, where he tried his hand at silver mining. In 1862 he became a reporter on the Territorial Enterprise in Virginia City, Nevada, and in 1863 he began signing his articles with the pseudonym Mark Twain, a Mississippi River phrase meaning "two fathoms deep." After moving to San Francisco, California, in 1864, Twain met American writers Artemus Ward and Bret Harte, who encouraged him in his work. In 1865 Twain reworked a tale he had heard in the California gold fields, and within months the author and the story, "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County," had become national sensations. In 1867 Twain lectured in New York City, and in the same year he visited Europe and Palestine. He wrote of these travels in The Innocents Abroad (1869), a book exaggerating those aspects of European culture that impress American tourists. In 1870 he married Olivia Langdon. After living briefly in Buffalo, New York, the couple moved to Hartford, Connecticut. Much of Twain's best work was written in the 1870s and 1880s in Hartford or during the summers at Quarry Farm, near Elmira, New York. Roughing It (1872) recounts his early adventures as a miner and journalist; The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) celebrates boyhood in a town on the Mississippi River; A Tramp Abroad (1880) describes a walking trip through the Black Forest of Germany and the Swiss Alps; The Prince and the Pauper (1882), a children's book, focuses on switched identities in Tudor England; Life on the Mississippi (1883) combines an autobiographical account of his experiences as a river pilot with a visit to the Mississippi nearly two decades after he left it; A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court (1889) satirizes oppression in feudal England (see Feudalism). The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884), the sequel to Tom Sawyer, is considered Twain's masterpiece. The book is the story of the title character, known as Huck, a boy who flees his father by rafting down the Mississippi River with a runaway slave, Jim. The pair's adventures show Huck (and the reader) the cruelty of which men and women are capable. Another theme of the novel is the conflict between Huck's feelings of friendship with Jim, who is one of the few people he can trust, and his knowledge that he is breaking the laws of the time by helping Jim escape. Huckleberry Finn, which is almost entirely narrated from Huck's point of view, is noted for its authentic language and for its deep commitment to freedom. Huck's adventures also provide the reader with a panorama of American life along the Mississippi before the Civil War. Twain's skill in capturing the rhythms of that life help make the book one of the masterpieces of American literature. In 1884 Twain formed the firm Charles L. Webster and Company to publish his and other writers' works, notably Personal Memoirs (two volumes, 1885-1886) by American general and president Ulysses S. Grant. A disastrous investment in an automatic typesetting machine led to the firm's bankruptcy in 1894. A successful worldwide lecture tour and the book based on those travels, Following the Equator (1897), paid off Twain's debts. Twain's work during the 1890s and the 1900s is marked by growing pessimism and bitterness-the result of his business reverses and, later, the deaths of his wife and two daughters. Significant works of this period are Pudd'nhead Wilson (1894), a novel set in the South before the Civil War that criticizes racism by focusing on mistaken racial identities, and Personal Recollections of Joan of
Sunday, November 24, 2019
SwiftÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Modest ProposalÃ¢â¬ Jonathan SwiftÃ¢â¬â¢s proposal to Ireland concerning growing and selling babies for food and clothing is a barbaric and irrational idea- at first, but Swift gradually manipulates the reader to accept his thoughts as intelligent and rational. Swift uses satire throughout his Ã¢â¬Å"Modest ProposalÃ¢â¬ - satire meaning the use of sarcasm, or humor in a literary piece to ridicule or attack human vices. Swift is very effective in using patterns to create satire. At times he is sympathetic and other times callous, while using facts and statistics to create a specific effect and to strengthen his argument. Satire is very clearly developed in SwiftÃ¢â¬â¢s proposal. He believes there is a serious epidemic within Ireland, stating that with all the financial problems facing its people, children are just an Ã¢â¬Å"additional grievanceÃ¢â¬ (Swift). According to Swift, even if the poor got jobs, or sold into slavery or if the poor steal at a larger rate, the situation would still be the same. This makes one wonder what his actual proposal is going to be about. Ã¢â¬Å"It is of a much greater extent, and shall take in the whole number of infants at a certain age who are born of parents in effect as little able to support them as those who demand out charity in the streetsÃ¢â¬ (Swift). This is just the beginning of SwiftÃ¢â¬â¢s proposal, so what he is basically suggesting is that infants should be sacrificed. Suddenly, the audience is hit with a comment that is alarming contextually. Swift compares the babies to livestock and calls them Ã¢â¬Å"savages.Ã¢â¬ The proposal becomes ver y outrageous, but he does not stop there. He goes on to state advantages, saying that Ã¢â¬Å"the constant breeders, besides the gain of eight shillings sterling per annum by the sale of their children, will be rid of charge of maintaining them after the first yearÃ¢â¬ (Swift). Swift also assumes that infants would be a good custom for taverns- once again another unantic... Free Essays on Swift's Modest Proposal Free Essays on Swift's Modest Proposal SwiftÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Modest ProposalÃ¢â¬ Jonathan SwiftÃ¢â¬â¢s proposal to Ireland concerning growing and selling babies for food and clothing is a barbaric and irrational idea- at first, but Swift gradually manipulates the reader to accept his thoughts as intelligent and rational. Swift uses satire throughout his Ã¢â¬Å"Modest ProposalÃ¢â¬ - satire meaning the use of sarcasm, or humor in a literary piece to ridicule or attack human vices. Swift is very effective in using patterns to create satire. At times he is sympathetic and other times callous, while using facts and statistics to create a specific effect and to strengthen his argument. Satire is very clearly developed in SwiftÃ¢â¬â¢s proposal. He believes there is a serious epidemic within Ireland, stating that with all the financial problems facing its people, children are just an Ã¢â¬Å"additional grievanceÃ¢â¬ (Swift). According to Swift, even if the poor got jobs, or sold into slavery or if the poor steal at a larger rate, the situation would still be the same. This makes one wonder what his actual proposal is going to be about. Ã¢â¬Å"It is of a much greater extent, and shall take in the whole number of infants at a certain age who are born of parents in effect as little able to support them as those who demand out charity in the streetsÃ¢â¬ (Swift). This is just the beginning of SwiftÃ¢â¬â¢s proposal, so what he is basically suggesting is that infants should be sacrificed. Suddenly, the audience is hit with a comment that is alarming contextually. Swift compares the babies to livestock and calls them Ã¢â¬Å"savages.Ã¢â¬ The proposal becomes ver y outrageous, but he does not stop there. He goes on to state advantages, saying that Ã¢â¬Å"the constant breeders, besides the gain of eight shillings sterling per annum by the sale of their children, will be rid of charge of maintaining them after the first yearÃ¢â¬ (Swift). Swift also assumes that infants would be a good custom for taverns- once again another unantic...
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Business management - labour law - Essay Example Discrimination in the workplace is regarded as unlawful in the eyes of law on the following grounds: age; disability; gender reassignment; marriage and civil partnership; pregnancy and maternity; race, caste, ethnicity, national origin or skin colour; religion or belief; sex; sexual orientation; part-time work; fixed-term work; trade union membership or activities. The Equality Act 2010 seeks to protect the employees from various types of discrimination which is rampant at the workplace. This includes: direct discrimination, indirect discrimination, harassment as well as victimization. However, in order to further strengthen the law against discriminatory practices in employment, and widen its scope, a new type of discrimination viz-a-viz dual discrimination has been added by way of section 14 (Hepple, et al., 2000). According to section 14 of Equality Act 2010: Combined discrimination: dual characteristics (1) A person (A) discriminates against another (B) if, because of a combinati on of two relevant protected characteristics, A treats B less favourably than A treats or would treat a person who does not share either of those characteristics (Legislation.gov.uk, 2011). According to this newly introduced law, discrimination claims can now be brought in relation to a combination of two protected characteristics: which includes - age, disability, gender reassignment, race, religion or belief, sex, and sexual orientation (Legislation.gov.uk, 2011). Currently the law only allows for claims of discrimination to be filed in only one particular category of discrimination such as gender or race, but the new law i.e. dual discrimination, seeks to widen this scope to include two of the listed forms of discrimination. For instance earlier, black women victims of discrimination could only claim discrimination on the basis of either race or gender but with the introduction of section 14, they can now claim discrimination on the grounds of both race as well as gender. Further more, the new provision has opened avenues for victims of workplace discrimination, where it was impossible for them to file such a claim under the previous law. A black woman was discriminated against on the grounds of race and gender could not claim discrimination if the employer hired a black man and a white woman for the same job. However, section 14 which allows the victims to claim dual discrimination can now effectively do so, by demonstrating that they have been subjected to less favourable treatment on the basis of their race as well as gender, citing the previous example. Brief Overview: The Equality Act 2010 is a result of efforts put in by the Labour Government as well as the active campaigning by various Human Rights group seeking for prevention of discriminatory work practices in employment. The act is currently applicable across Great Britain i.e. England, Scotland, and Wales and is not applicable in Ireland. The fundamental aim of this act is to adopt an inclusive ou tlook towards key issues enforced under one single commission. This is achieved by clarifying various definitions of discrimination, as explained under the act and applies them in accordance with the respective protected characteristics. The introduction of a new section under this act has led to an expansion of duties of the public
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Fresh nails - Essay Example Germany, during September 2005- October 2005. The purpose of this internship was to experience work, and reflect on and analyze the management structure. This was intended at gaining the ability to integrate and work in teams and to develop interpersonal skills. My job at Fresh Nails Holding was related to product design and development, implementing marketing strategies, improving the corporate website and supporting business expansion. This program was a great learning experience for me. I gained first hand experience of manual work, and learned to comply with organizational rules and regulations. Also, I had an understanding of the requirements of work discipline. Holdings, I shall give an account of the jobs within the company as well as my job, and the company's market performance. The report is an analysis of the company structure and job deployment in relation to my job, and my job performance. It will also deal with the behavioural patterns and an understanding of the aspirations of the labour force. Eager "Sex and the town center" - spectators do not pass "Fresh nails" in Cologne, without looking once by the large disks in the business. The three screens are too enticing, on which Fashion TV runs all day (www.freshnails.de). Fresh nails was founded by two brothers Heinrich and Cornelius Becker, one 24 years and the other 27 years old in 2004. Their first studio was the Nagel Studio. The brothers discovered a market gap and to fit well into the chain trend, which fulfill the Germany's textile sector with Zara, Mango and H&M. They supply the suitable nails to fashionable dresses. Their Studios are capable of handling the demands of textile giants. Fresh nails claims that: "The atmosphere is modern and freshly, the mechanism standardized, the prices are not high. A manicure does not cost any more than 18 euro."(Fresh Nails Marketing Plan) They have high-flying plans, dream about a Fresh nails chain and are on the best way to install it. They are planning to open another store some where in the middle of 2006, their fourth address in a side street of the K in Duesseldorf. Heinrich and Cornelius discovered that this so called US trend of nail care has a strong
Monday, November 18, 2019
Cafe - Case Study Example The roles and responsibilities of Louis Chen include: Ensuring the continuous running of the Levendary Cafe in China; making strategic decisions that would enable the company to stay competitive and in business against market trends. The company expanded from the USA to China due to the reason that its domestic growth was slowing down progressively from 2008. The company chose to expand by setting up a strategy team that would be used to research on available opportunities in China. More to that was the fact that China had a high potential for investment since their GDP was 14.5% for the past decade and they had a high population of approximately 1.4 billion people. Out of this, the urban population had risen from 36.2% to 46.6% between 2000 and 2009. This was an issue that was discovered and brought about by Mia Foster to the Levendary Cafe CEO in China - Louis Chen. The issue was that Louis Chen was not willing to ensure and implement global standardization of procedures. This was an issue that was projected by Mia Foster to Louis Chen. According to Mia Foster, the CEO of Levendary Cafe in China Ã¢â¬â Louis Chen was not up to the task of implementing changes that would boost future operations of the organisation. Louis Chen did not follow the standard GAAP Accounts and reporting procedures for Levendary Cafe in China. Apparently, the financial and management reports that were being sent to Denver were in a format that had been Ã¢â¬Å"massagedÃ¢â¬ . This was an issue where Mia Foster implied that the way Louis Chen managed the China operations would not sustain the company in future. For example: his refusal to follow a standardized global operating procedure; not adhering to GAAP accounting standards. In order to address the challenges being faced in China operations, Mia Foster has to follow the following actions: Raise the questions about the China operations to Louis Chen; confront Louis Chen on the issues